The eye functions much like a camera. Light rays enter the eye, passing through the cornea, the aqueous humor — transparent fluid in the front of the eye — and then the pupil and into the lens.
Cataracts occur when there is a buildup of protein in the lens that makes it cloudy. This prevents light from passing clearly through the lens, causing some loss of vision. Sharp images become blurred, bright colors become dull, or seeing at night is more difficult. Vision with cataracts has been described as seeing life through old, cloudy film.
But a cataract is not a ‘film’ over the eyes, and neither diet nor lasers will make it go away. Eye injury, certain diseases, or even some medications can cause the clouding. The best way to treat a cataract is with surgery that removes the old, clouded lens and replaces it with a new, artificial one to restore your vision, and, in many ways, significantly improves your quality of life.
No-Stitch Cataract Surgery
At Advanced Vision Center, we use a state-of-the-art process that involves the removal of cataracts with soundwaves. So there are no stitches, no long recovery and no pain when you see us for cataract removal.
Intraocular Lens Implant (IOL)
A revolutionary artificial lens is implanted after a cataract is removed. For cataract patients with astigmatism, the new AcrySof IQ Toric IOL provides astigmatism correction with enhanced image quality. The ReSTOR multifocal intraocular lens helps decrease dependence on eyeglasses and provides a wider range of focus than standard intraocular lenses.
Glaucoma is an eye disorder in which the optic nerve suffers damage, permanently damaging vision in the affected eye(s) and progressing to complete blindness if untreated.
Glaucoma can be divided roughly into two main categories, “open angle” and “closed angle” glaucoma. Closed angle glaucoma can appear suddenly and is often painful; visual loss can progress quickly, but the discomfort often leads patients to seek medical attention before permanent damage occurs. Open angle, chronic glaucoma tends to progress at a slower rate and patients may not notice they have lost vision until the disease has progressed significantly.
Dr. Tanaka can prescribe eyedrops as an appropriate first line of treatment. After which a more agressive treatment, utilizing a laser light to stimulate the body’s own healing response, can lower your eye pressure. Using a special wavelength and energy, the laser affects only pigmented (melanin-containing) cells of your eye. Selective laser trabeculoplasty improves the flow of fluid out of the eye and lowers eye pressure. The procedure is painless and can result in better control of glaucoma and the reduction or elimination of expensive medications
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition which usually affects older adults and results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in “dry” and “wet” forms. It is a major cause of blindness and visual impairment in older adults (>50 years). Macular degeneration can make it difficult or impossible to read or recognize faces, although enough peripheral vision remains to allow other activities of daily life.
Diabetic Eye Care
Eye care is especially important for people with diabetes because they are at increased risk of developing eye complications from the disease. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults age 20 to 74.
Neovascularization of the retina occurs when blood vessels that have become weakened slowly become clogged. This results in the growth of abnormal new blood vessels that are extremely fragile and could easily break. Since these vessels contain blood in them, when they break, you get a hemorrhage and suddenly a person can see black spots in their vision and can actually result in profound vision loss.